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The general public often critically misinterprets terms used by scientists such as hypothesis, theory and scientific law.
A hypothesis is any educated hunch phrased to explain an observed phenomenon so it becomes testable by an experiment.
Scientists attempt to minimize the influence of their biases on the outcome of an experiment.
Tautological Arguments are a needless repetition of an idea in different words or a logical statement that is necessarily true because it includes all possibilities.Similarly, individual components of a theory can be changed or improved upon, without changing the overall truth of the theory as a whole.Examples of scientific theories include the theory of evolution, the theory of relativity, and quantum theory.A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses Socrates developed logic as a way of thinking and speaking which would let you prove that a certain statement was or was not true.Plato (Socrates' student) continued this idea, and Plato's student Aristotle began to apply logic to the natural world in which arguments were used instead of experiments.
In the medieval Western world (600-1000) faith and the supernatural reigned supreme over the value of human reason and science.