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Silla and Baekje controlled the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, maintaining the former Samhan territories, while Goguryeo controlled the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria and the Liaodong Peninsula, uniting Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye, and other states in the former Gojoseon territories.
In 642, the powerful general Yeon Gaesomun led a coup and gained complete control over Goguryeo.
Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades, but the Lelang commandery remained as a center of cultural and economic exchange with successive Chinese dynasties for four centuries.
By 313, Goguryeo annexed all of the Chinese commanderies.
The name Korea is now commonly used in English contexts by both North and South Korea.
In South Korea, Korea as a whole is referred to as or Gan) of a native Korean word that seems to have had the meaning "big" or "great", particularly in reference to leaders.
With the fall of Gojoseon, southern Korea entered the Samhan period.
In North Korea, China, Japan, Vietnam, and Chinese and Vietnamese-speaking areas, Korea as a whole is referred to as "[land of the] Morning Calm").
Korea's introduction to the West resulted from trade and contact with merchants from Arabic lands, "center").
With expanding British and American trade following the opening of Korea in the late 19th century, the spelling "Korea" appeared and gradually grew in popularity; its use in transcribing East Asian languages avoids the issues caused by the separate hard and soft Cs existing in English vocabulary derived from the Romance languages.
Korea is a historical country in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinct sovereign states: North Korea (officially the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea") and South Korea (officially the "Republic of Korea").
Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast.